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ECA REACTION TO NON-PAPER 11 of 03/10/09 @ 12.00

05-Oct-2009

Contact Group on Enhanced Action on Mitigation and its Associated Means of Implementation: Subgroup on paragraph 1 (b) (iii) Of the Bali Action Plan

ECOSYSTEMS CLIMATE ALLIANCE:  REACTION TO NON-PAPER 11 of 03/10/09 @ 12.00

CONTACT GROUP ON ENHANCED ACTION ON MITIGATION AND ITS ASSOCIATED MEANS OF IMPLEMENTATION: Subgroup on paragraph 1 (b) (iii) Of the Bali Action Plan

  

MISSING FROM Non-Paper 11 (released 4th Oct.): Protecting intact natural forests

What is missing: Key wording specifying “protecting intact natural forests” is missing from all the text options for the Objectives and Scope of REDD (Paras 1 and 2).

What this means: The expectation that a REDD mechanism will actually protect intact natural forests as huge carbon stores, repositories of biodiversity, and providers of ecosystems services, will not be met.  Instead of prioritizing protecting intact natural forests, the introduction of industrial scale logging into such forests would be funded by REDD monies.  The mechanism would thus be funding the introduction of a highly emissive activity under a perverse claim that such logging has been made less emissive than it may otherwise have been.

What must happen: Parties must include a specific provision for “protecting intact natural forests” and make this a REDD priority and insist that REDD does not fund the introduction of emissive logging (industrial scale logging) or plantation conversion.  (The term ‘conservation’ is not a reliable surrogate (Para 2, Option 2, (d) and (e))

 

Where in text:

Scope (substituted – clarifies and builds on current non-paper text)

2. Developing country Parties are supported in undertaking enhanced mitigation actions in the forest sector that reduce emissions by maintaining and enhancing forest carbon by:

(a) reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, giving priority to protecting intact natural forests and maintaining existing carbon stocks, above and below ground;

 

FROM INF.2                                                                   FROM Non-Paper 11 

(released 15th Sept.)                                                    (released 4th Oct.)

 

ON GOVERNANCE

108. …[improved forest governance,]… should be promoted…

 

 

 

 

112.1(c) Appropriate governance structures are put in place to facilitate the appropriate use of funds provided for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation;

 

EXCISED.  By promoting forest governance, the text ensures countries have a positive obligation to improve governance in ALL aspects of REDD implementation, not just in terms of financial structures. 

 

RETAINED in 4(c) with text after “provided” deleted. INSUFFICIENT alone without the positive commitment under Specific Principles.  By deleting the positive obligation to improve forest governance as a “Principle” (para 108), governance has been reduced to a “Safeguard” only. Moreover, this safeguard provision is in square brackets so we risk losing all reference to forest governance from the Principles.

 

Further, the loss of text on promoting improved forest governance would elevate promotion of “sustainable forest management / sustainable management of forests” in 3(l) (Specific principles) above governance.

 

ON CONVERSION TO PLANTATIONS

108.  [Safeguards to protect biological diversity in host countries, including safeguards against the conversion of natural forests to forest plantations…should be established…

 

INSUFFICIENT:  located solely in 4(f) (Safeguards).

SUGGESTED NEW SPECIFIC PRINCIPLE (Para 3):  “Ensure actions are guided by definitions that clearly distinguish between natural forests and plantations.”

This would then fix problems with “…collectively aim at halting forest cover loss…” (para 1) and with “Stabilization of forest cover” (para 2(c)) which currently could be taken to encompass wholesale conversion of natural forest to plantation.


ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES RIGHTS

Para 109 has been replaced by Para 4(e) in Non-Paper 11.

Paragraph 4(e):

(i)                  Fails to expressly mention respect for the “rights” of indigenous peoples and local communities (lost from paragraph 109)

(ii)                 Provides that national legislation may override UNDRIP (lost from paragraph 109).

(iii)               No longer requires the COP to develop guidelines (in consultation with indigenous peoples and local communities) to ensure their rights are not adversely affected by the implementation of REDD

(iv)                Fails to mention ensuring land tenure systems are recognized (from paragraph 112.1(e)).

 

The non-Paper also fails:

(v)                  To require the establishment of the national monitoring systems to take into consideration indigenous ancient knowledge and local communities.

(vi)                Verification process no longer requires inputs by indigenous peoples and Local Communities.

 

SUGGESTED NEW TEXT TO REPLACE EXISTING 4(e): Recognise and respect the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, in particular their rights to land, territories and all resources, in accordance with UNDRIP and other relevant international human rights instruments and obligations; and ensure the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities, subject to their free prior and informed consent;

 

SUGGESTED NEW TEXT IN PARA 4: Ensure the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities, subject to their free prior and informed consent.

 

 

 

ON DEMAND SIDE MEASURES

112.2.  Developed country Parties shall undertake policies and measures to ensure that the import of forest products and other commodities from developing country Parties does not contribute to emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

EXCISED.  SUGGESTED NEW SAFEGUARD (Para 4):

“All parties shall adopt policies and measures which address the diverse social and economic drivers of deforestation and degradation, including, inter alia, clearing, overuse or degrading of forests, agriculture and agro-fuel expansion, infrastructure development and demand-side pressures.”

“All parties shall support REDD actions by undertaking policies and measures to relieve the pressure on forests and land that result in greenhouse gas emissions.”

 

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